At present, Althusser’s philosophy as a whole is undergoing a contradiction, uneven development, and overdetermination is that of the. In Althusser the need for a concept of overdetermination appears in Marxism at the point where the ideology of simple and general contradictions is undermined . Abstract, This article has no associated abstract. (fix it). Keywords, No keywords specified (fix it). Categories. Louis Althusser in Continental Philosophy.

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In this case, similar to the example of firing squads, Billy and Suzy together shatter the window and the result is not overdetermined.

Finally, this Marxism has given up the dream of analyzing the whole of culture and its movement from the outside; it realizes that one thinks inside and about the culture one inhabits in order to possibly effect and change that culture. Overdetermination occurs when a single-observed effect is determined by multiple causes, any one of which alone would be sufficient to account for “determine” the effect. At the end of the war and following his release from the P.

Both also anticipate future concerns in their speculations about the ideological character of current scientific knowledge and in their incorporation of ideas from Mao about the relationship between theory and practice.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. There, on the 22 nd of October,he died of a heart attack 2. We do not need to be reminded that after the Revolution and from then till now they have been the source of constant difficulties, battles and commentaries.

However, it is also true that the primary medium Althusser employed for thinking through problems in these areas was Marxist philosophy. Althusser does not give up on the task of articulating a better Marxist philosophy, however.

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However, before the school year began, he was mobilized into the army. Goshgarian in The Spectre of Hegel: With this prohibition, Althusser means to exclude from this tradition not only the usual suspects in the rationalist tradition, but also mechanical and dialectical materialisms with their logics altbusser determination.


The simplicity of the Hegelian contradiction is made possible only by the simplicity of the internal principle that constitutes the essence of any historical period. After an examination, a panel of psychiatrists concluded that Althusser was suffering at the time of the murder from severe depression and iatrogenic hallucinations.

We could therefore take over the dialectic from him and apply it to life rather than to the Idea. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because overdehermination has insufficient inline citations. One phantom is more especially crucial than any other today: In this understanding of history, feudalism must lead to capitalism and capitalism to socialism.

Louis Althusser, Contradiction and overdetermination – PhilPapers

Though many of the initial reactions were contradictory and evidenced misunderstandings of what Althusser was up to, compelling criticisms were also offered.

Who has really attempted to follow up the explorations of Marx and Engels? Begun to treat recurrent bouts of depression, this last affiliation continued for the rest contradicion his life and included frequent hospitalization as well as the most aggressive treatments post-war French psychiatry had to offer such as electroconvulsive therapy, narco-analysis, and psychoanalysis.

In other words, they are ideological. Presses Universitaires de France, 87— If it is possible, in principle, to reduce the totalitythe infinite diversity, of a historically given society Greece, Rome, the Holy Roman Empire, England, and so on to a simple internal principle, this very simplicity can be reflected in the contradiction to which it thereby acquires a right. Contradiction and Method In.

Garrett – – Synthese 3: This overdetermination is inevitable and thinkable as soon as the real existence of the forms of the superstructure and of the national and international conjuncture has been recognised — an existence largely specific and autonomous, and therefore irreducible to a pure phenomenon. How else should we summarise these practical experiences and their theoretical commentaries other than by saying that the whole Marxist revolutionary experience shows that.

However, they were what allowed him to investigate and describe such socio-economic events as the transformation of money into capital without recourse to Hegelian logic and concepts. By this I mean more than the historical work which has priority — precisely because of this priority, priority is given to one essential of any Marxist historical study: In addition to Marx, the philosophers that he cites as being part of this underground tradition include Democritus, Epicurus, Lucretius, Machiavelli, Spinoza, Hobbes, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein.


Competition between the monopolies made war inevitable. Though there is an objective world, philosophy does not have knowledge of this world as its object for there is no way for it to ground itself and the material it thinks with and through arises historically. Of course, this is not inconsistent with the theory of reading and authorship that underwrites a symptomatic reading of a text.

This Marxism has no system of interrelated concepts that guarantee a scientific analysis. Another example is that Billy and Suzy each contradictiin a rock through a window, and either rock alone could have shattered the window. Wolf, Frieder Otto, Freed by his ignoble status from the task of influencing the direction of the Communist movement, the texts associated with this project and gathered together in the book Philosophy of the Encounter differ tremendously in subject matter, style, and method from his other writings.

He spent the remainder of the war as a prisoner of war at a camp in Northern Germany. That is, there are more causes present than are necessary to cause the effect.

Overdetermination – Wikipedia

Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. For this basic reason: La Formation du myth, —Paris: How else could the class-divided popular masses proletarians, peasants, petty bourgeois overdetermmination themselves togetherconsciously or unconsciously, into a general assault on the existing regime? Verso, xiii—l ———, a.

One day it will be necessary to do what Marx and Engels did for utopian socialism, but this time for those still schematic-utopian forms of mass consciousness influenced by Marxism even the consciousness of certain of its theoreticians in the first stage of its history: Added by Althusser to these two aspects of the mode of production are those of ideological, political, and philosophical production, among others.